A common question from pet owners or ones considering to adopt a new puppy is about early age neutering: IS IT SAFE?

Earley age spey or neuter surgery is a safe sensible way to control pet overpopulation and is recommended for all pets. Younger animals have a less developed reproductive tract making surgery safer and less traumatic. Young puppies recover faster and with fewer complications compared with older pets.

early age neuter surgery is endorsed by veterinary associations including the Australian Veterinary Association and the American Veterinary Medical Association. Small breed dogs can have their first heat and risk of pregnancy as early as five months of age.

Early desexing means the females no risk of becoming pregnant and a greatly reduced risk of mammary cancers or risk of pyometra and other uterine disorders. When male puppies are castrated at an early age they do not develop undesirable sexual behavious like roaming or urinating frequently to mark their territory.

Research during the past two decades since early age neuter has been promoted has demonstrated little to no adverse physiologic effect of sterilization before sexual maturity. Anaesthetic agents used today are safe for young puppies.

To neuter or spey at an early age is advantageous in that it is safe, quick and has no long-term adverse effects.


Vaccination has revolutionised control of infectious disease in our pets. It is essential that all pets are adequately vaccinated to help protect the pet population as a whole. Responsible pet care requires puppies to be given their initial course of vaccinations, but this cannot protect them for the rest of their lives. Adult dogs require regular vaccination to maintain immunity against disease.

Puppies are ‘temporarily’ protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. These maternal antibodies decline in the first few months of their lives, however until they drop sufficiently they can also neutralise vaccines. This is why a series of vaccinations is necessary in a puppy and the desire is to ensure protection at the earliest opportunity.

Not all vaccines allow for an early finish, so that is why we use and trust the team at South Nowra Vet Hospital. The vaccine has been selected to ensure pups can be allowed to socialize 7 to 10 days after their 10 week vaccination, as it is known that the vast majority of pups will be protected at this time.

By allowing for early socialisation, the chance of behavioural difficulties, including aggression, fear and anxiety conditions, and phobia development are reduced.